at Kings Low, SJ 954 237, a Bronze Age Round Barrow, in 1990,
a bronze age collared urn dating from around 1650 BC was discovered, along
with various flints including a fine flint scraper and a flint arrowhead.
A secondary burial
had been inserted into the barrow, as shown by a bronze bracelet dating from
around the 5th century BC.
A stone cross, had
been added to Kings Low, to commemorate the murder of William Chetwynd
of Ingestre in 1494. The base is a "waster" made of local Tixall sandstone,
but the shaft has a completely different geology.
According to Thomas Clifford, 1818:-
" About the year 1803, a very antique
stone cross, which once stood before the gate of a ruined mansion in South
Wales, was transported hither and erected on Tixall Heath. It is of a very
hard moor-stone; the shaft, which has eight unequal sides, supports a tablet
of an hexagonal form, adorned with very rude carvings; on one side a crucifix,
on the other, the virgin with the child in her lap. On the edge of the tablet
is also a figure, which has been thought by some experienced antiquaries
to represent St John the Evangelist."
Dugdales History of Warwickshire says that
William Chetwynd was:-
" one of the gentlemen-ushers of the
chamber to King Henry VII, became so much envied by Sir Humphrey Stanley,
(then of Pipe,Co. Staff.) one of the knights of the body to the same king,
and sheriff of that county 9 H.7, as that by means of a counterfeit letter,
in the name of Randolph Brereton, Esq. delivered on Friday night before
the feast of St John the Baptist's nativity, requesting his meeting with
him at Stafford, the next morning by five of the clock - being lured out
of his house at Ingestrie, and passing thitherwards accordingly, with no
more attendance than his own son and two servants; he was waylayed on Tixall
Heath, by no less than twenty persons, whereof seven were of the said Sir
Humphrey's own family, some with bows, and others with spears, all armed
with brigantines, and coats of mail; who issuing out of a sheep-cote, and
a dry pit, furiously assaulted him, saying that he should die, and accordingly
killed him; the said Sir Humphrey at that time passing by, with at least
twenty-four persons on horseback, upon pretence of hunting a deer."
third son of Charles, first Lord Talbot of Hensol, Glamorgan, married Catherine,
daughter of John, 2nd Viscount Chetwynd of Ingestre, inheriting her fathers
Ingestre estates in 1767 when he died. Their son, John Chetwynd Talbot succeeded
to the barony in 1782 on the death of his uncle. The mansion at Hensol has
disappeared, but this is a possible source
for the cross from Kings Low.
The cross was
smashed accidently by a cart during tree felling about 1918
according to Mr S.Horne, of the Old Stafford
Society in 1958. The cross base has now been moved to Tixall Church for
safe keeping, unfortunately the carved head was lost some years ago.
Queens Low, SJ 963 239 was situated
on agricultural land and had been almost ploughed out, so there were few finds
when it was excavated recently.
At Domesday in 1086 two manors
are listed at Tixall, one worth 10s belonging to Earl Roger, and another worth
30s belonging to Robert of Stafford. In 1166/7, Geoffrey De Wasteneys, younger
son of Geoffrey de Gastinois who held land at Colton, held Tixall and Broncote.
Tixall remained with the De Wasteney
family until sometime between 1435 and 1468, when Rose de Wasteney married
John Merston and sold Tixall to Sir Thomas Littleton.
Littleton, shown here,
was a distinguished judge and owned property throughout the Midlands, probably
never living at Tixall. He died in 1481, and his grandaughter, Joan Littleton
married Sir John Aston of Haywood in the early 16th century.
They lived at Haywood,
but their eldest son, Sir Edward Aston built an Elizabethan Mansion at Tixall
in 1555, with the lower part of stone and the upper of timber. His son,
Sir Walter Aston built Tixall Gatehouse in the 1580s.